Agriculture, proximity to the land, their work, the harvesting of their fruits … transport me back to my childhood. My grandparents had farms in which they grew grapes and potatoes, mainly, and in the sowing seasons, as in the harvesting seasons, there were great preparations to welcome the day laborers who came to help with the work. I was between four and six years old. My favorite moment was when the grapes were passed to the press, to extract their juice.
After the crisis that we have suffered in 2020, there are many people and families who rethink their way of life, there are many and many also, who have become interested and have even begun to take their first steps, towards their own cultivation, either in a small orchard or garden, either on the balcony or in a little hole next to a window in your place
Well, if you are in this process of initiation to the primary sector, we recommend the ¨Calendar of Biodynamic Agriculture 2021 “by María Thun. It is incredible how taking into account the position of the sun, the seasons and some pruning tricks and ways to combat small pests, you can make your garden flourish and give you many joys, apart from food ;).
Biodynamic agriculture is an organic farming method based on the theories of Rudolf Steiner, founder of anthroposophy, at the beginning of the 20th century. In practice, there are two fundamental aspects that distinguish it from organic agriculture and other forms of agriculture. On one hand, the use of preparations obtained with the very particular processing of certain medicinal plants such as chamomile and dandelion. On the other hand, taking into account the influences of the stars to carry out some agricultural and livestock tasks.
This type of agriculture considers farms as complex organisms, part of a whole. It emphasizes the interrelation between soils, plants and animals, treating the whole as a balanced system, seeking to harmonize the disposition of nutrients due to the output of crops and other products outside the farm, with the production of these nutritive elements through the raising of animals that provide the manure to make compost and the cultivation of plants as green manures.
As in other forms of organic farming, the use of industrial fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides is prohibited. Biodynamic agriculture is also characterized by the use of vegetable and mineral preparations as additives for compost and sprays for the land, as well as by following a sowing calendar based on the movement of the stars.
The Earth is immersed in our solar system and planetary forces leave their mark on the morphology of plants. Biodynamic farmers use this knowledge to choose in practice the appropriate sowing dates, soil aeration work, treatments and harvesting, according to the cosmic forces active at the time.
Just as sunlight contributes to the growth of plants and the Moon affects the water content of all organisms, the planets also exert their influence on the earth and on all the beings it hosts.
Since ancient times the planets have been divided into interiors (between the Earth and the Sun: Moon, Mercury, Venus) and exteriors (Mars, Jupiter, Saturn). The inner planets work on the growth of plants, either directly through the atmosphere, or indirectly through water, humus or calcium (limestone, potassium and sodium). The influences of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn are channeled through heat and silica (quartz, feldspar, mica); they flow through the silica content of the earth and from there upwards through the interior of the plant, expressing themselves in the colors of the flowers, and in the fruit and the production of the seeds. They also contribute to the longer-lived plant form, such as wood growth.
However, we warn you that many of the species of great forest and fruit interest in Spain, the fig tree, the vine, the olive tree, the almond tree, the orange tree, the stone pine, the pomegranate, the pistachio, the avocado, the banana , kiwi, pineapple, carob … are some examples, they are not named in the recommended book. In general, reading it will give you tools and knowledge to better understand the behavior of what you plant, how to take care of it and strengthen it and, above all, do it in a sustainable way while respecting the environment.
At home we already have three citrus fruits, a young almond tree, pumpkins, strawberries and beans. Besides, we use to germinate the flax bags that we have designed in Rewinder, for this purpose.
Do you consider having your own garden and letting yourself be guided by the stars in their care?