Our Earth is in a real danger due to climate changes and human activities, people are the only ones who can help with their actions, especially our children.
Human activities are increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. This increase is extremely likely to have caused most of the recent observed global warming, with CO2 being the largest contributor.
Since the mid-20th century, climate change has resulted in increases in the frequency and intensity of very hot days and decreases in very cold days. These trends will continue with further global warming. Heavy rainfall events have intensified over most land areas and will likely continue to do so, but changes are expected to vary by region.
Sea levels have risen during the 20th century. The two major contributing factors are the expansion of sea water as it warms, and the loss of ice from glaciers. Sea levels are very likely to rise more quickly during the 21st century than the 20th century and will continue to rise for many centuries.
To understand why our Earth is at a huge risk, we need to know where climate changes are showing with more evidence, so that our everyday life consciousness can move to a sustainable way of living.
Sea and ocean levels rise mainly due to the melting of the ice that covers Greenland and Antarctica. The contribution of the melting of Antarctic ice would increase the sea level by 61 meters. Another 13 meters would come from the continental ice of the North Pole (especially Greenland). Furthermore, every 100 years the thermal expansion would increase the level of the oceans by another 1 meter.
The world could thus appear to the visitor of the Earth as early as 2050: South Vietnam underwater, with its twenty million people, a quarter of the population, and the city of Ho Chi Minh transformed into a novel Atlantis. Buried by the waters, the economic capital Shanghai and 30 million people would end up in China.
By 2100 the level of the oceans will rise by almost a meter. Hundreds of coastal cities around the world could be in extreme difficulty. The most recent special report by the intergovernmental group on climate change says that by 2100 the sea level could rise from 26 to 77 centimeters with temperatures warmer than 1.5 ° C.
If all the ice on Earth melts, the sea level will rise by over 60 meters, making entire states disappear, from Florida to Bangladesh. This is not a scenario that scientists believe is likely, but not impossible if the world continues to burn fossil fuels indiscriminately.
The loss of biodiversity, unfortunately, is a huge paragraph inside the topic of climate change, we are going to read a few, but huge, examples to understand the problem.
The coastal regions of East Africa are among the areas biologically richer than Africa. But the extraction uncontrolled resource, industrial agriculture and the rapid population growth already threaten the biodiversity
Coastal East Africa is very vulnerable to climate change. Even with an overall increase of 2 ° C, it is expected that the area becomes climatically unsuitable for more than 25% of the biodiversity in most groups of species, while only for reptiles the situation is slightly less negative. If global temperatures will rise exponentially, the situation will worsen rapidly: an increase of 4.5 ° C would see about 7 amphibians out of 10, 6 birds out of 10, 4 reptiles out of 10 and more than half of all the mammal species analyzed seriously threatened, unless that there are no broad organized facts of adaptation.
Environment and kids
Children love nature. They jump at the chance to go to the park or beach in the summer and build a snowman in winter. So how can we as parents translate that seemingly innate love of the outdoors into a life-long
commitment to caring for the planet? Creating a meaningful connection between the environment and kids isn’t as hard as it may seem.
As with other behaviors we wish to instill in our children, connecting the environment and kids works best when we start small, lead by example, use hands-on activities and make it fun.
So, here are 10 easy, everyday tips we can use to teach our kids to lighten their carbon footprint:
- When brushing teeth, turn off the water.
- Teach children about water-saver gardening through plant selection.
- Show them how to water a lawn and garden properly.
Flick the switch
- Turn off the light when you leave the room.
- Turn off the TV if no one is watching it.
- Finally, try turning off the air conditioner if the summer’s not too hot.
Close the door
- Keep doors to the outside closed so you won’t let air conditioning or heat escape.
- Don’t leave the refrigerator door open for too long while deciding what to eat.
Start a garden
- Start simple, with window-box herbs.
- In addition, dedicate a section of your backyard to grow broccoli, lettuce, tomatoes, and much more.
- Finally, involve the kids in cooking the harvest.
- Use recyclable containers when packing lunchboxes.
- Also, use cloth napkins with dinner.
- Carry a hankie instead of paper tissues.
- Teach children what can be recycled instead of becoming household waste.
- Have kids put old homework in the paper bin & yogurt containers in the plastic bin.
- “Complete the circle” by buying products made with recycled ingredients.
- Clean out jam or jelly jars and reuse them as drinking glasses.
- Use empty paper towel rolls in your kids’ next art project.
- Turn empty plastic containers with tight-fitting lids into under-sink compost bins.
- Teach kids what can and can’t be used for garden compost.
- Have them the kids sort the food waste.
- Show them the compost process as it happens
- Let them use the fertilizer in their window boxes and garden.
Walk or bike
- Lead by example: Not all trips needs to be taken by car.
- Go for walks together as a family after dinner.
- And, when kids get older, let them walk or take a bike to school, to friends’ houses or to the store.
Give “experience” gifts
- Toys break or kids quickly get tired of them and they end up in the landfill, instead, take the kids rock climbing or camping.
- Finally, museum, art institute and science center memberships make great family gifts– and future memories.